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Tish’a of Av – Fateful day for Jews



By Zanna Linskaia


Tisha b’Av is a day of commemoration of the 1 st and 2 nd Beit Hamikdash

destructions. On this day Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492. Second revolt

against Rome by Bar Kohba also happened on 9 b’Av. In Jewish tradition,

during 3 weeks before 9 b’Av, Jews are mourning, not having weddings, eating

meats, cutting hair or shaving and keep fasting.

At this day we read book of Lamentations – Ei’ha –description of the fall of

Jerusalem with 5 poems and 22 acronyms from the top to the bottom of book.

According to the Talmud, King Solomon, son of David built the first Temple in 980

BCE. In 586 BCE the Babylonians captured Jerusalem, destroyed Temple and

slaved Jews to Babylon. After 70 years some Jews returned to Israel, and began

to rebuild Temple.

The second Temple by King Herod was enlarged becoming one of the true

wonders. The 2sd Temple stood about 500 years, but in 70 CE it together with

Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome on the 9 th Day of Av.

When Napoleon was in Jerusalem he saw Jews crying and praying at the Western

Wall. He asked his minister about the reason of their sadness. The minister

explained him about the Temple’s destructions.

- If people can commemorate the events happened thousand years ago, this nation will exist forever,- said Emperor.


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